Items filtered by date: December 2021

Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:28

Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development


Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development

According To Erik Erikson, from infancy to adulthood, each person passes through different stages of development where the person learns and masters new challenges. In essence, each step requires abilities from the previous phase. In addition, unsuccessful challenges in one of the stages might appear as problems in the person’s future. Notably, both socio-cultural and biological forces play an integral role in pushing the individual through the eight stages. An individual must use the two forces simultaneously to acquire the necessary skills of negotiating through the different phases (Slater, 2003).

Notably, one the major stages in life is the Love: Intimacy vs. isolation, which occurs during young adulthood, 20–24 or 20–39 years. During this phase, one works towards fitting in friends thus avoiding rejections. In my life, I have realized that relationships with friends are essential to have a fulfilling life. I always listen to my friends to learn what they have to say. In reality, I reduce conflicts with friends through providing moral support to any friend in need. In essence, I value my friends’ desires to be appreciated because, during this stage in life, every rational person needs friends to achieve a purposeful life. I have learned the importance of learning from my friends because it helps to understand my weaknesses and change them to strength. According to Gladwell (2008), successful people learn from the population and the environment around them. However, one cannot learn especially when he does not appreciate the presence of others and create a loving environment for every person. At the same time, I have discovered the importance of destroying forces that diminish my chances of success as well as avoiding any individual who dissuade me from working towards achieving my goals and objectives.



Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The Story of Success. New York: Little: Brown and Company.

Slater, C. L. (2003), "Generativity versus Stagnation: An elaboration of Erikson's adult stage of human development." Journal of Adult Development, 10(1): 53–65.

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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:28

Professional Nursing Roles

Professional Nursing Roles

            Working as a nurse is a busy job. Apart from the daily normal patient visits, a nurse has to attend to emergency cases that are brought during one’s shift. Being a registered nurse requires one to deliver and coordinate comprehensive patient care. This requires the nurse to be readily available, have broad medical knowledge, use the local healthcare system effectively, and give emphasis to the patient’s health (Finkelman& Kenner, 2010). This implies that such a nurse has to take sufficient time when dealing with each of these clients. Offering enough time to each of the patients creates a positive patient-nurse relationship that eventually leads to increases patient satisfaction. Patients require quality healthcare as well as enough time with their nurses to have their questions answered (Batalden& Kerrigan, 2010). This is an important aspect that nurses need to understand that their quality healthcare comprises of several aspects and all lead to improved patient satisfaction. Further, irrespective of the quality of time a nurse has to give to each patient vs. the number of patients he has to see in a day as well as the home visits she has to make, the physician works under limited time. Nevertheless, people in the society hold so many stereotypes regarding nurses that make their work complicated. Nurses have been portrayed as Angels of mercy, mother figures, handmaidens, martinets, and sex symbols. They have to deal with all these societal expectations and ensure that they improve the lives of their patients, which is the main role in their profession.   

Health Promotion/ Care Provider

Patient satisfaction, which is the main source of health promotion results from a combination of several factors. Among these is quality time between the patient and the nurse. When a nurse takes quality time with his patients, there is improved patient-nurse relationship as well as decreased healthcare costs. Nurses need face-to-face interaction with the patients to gather information, maintain knowledge base, and do administrative visits. As noted by Robinson, Gould and Strosahl (2011), patients who report spending less time with their nurses are less satisfied and argue that if the nurse had more time with them, they could be more satisfied with the healthcare service rendered. It is notable that patients who have more time with their nurses are more likely to follow the physician’s instructions and this improves their health by encouraging them to follow the prescriptions and other directives (Provost& Murray, 2011). Further, patients feel that the nurses sympathize with their situation when they spend quality time with them listening and analyzing their situations.

Since the days of Florence Nightingale, nurses have carried out medically delegated tasks that are meant to improve patients’ health. The nurse not only carries out nursing roles but also diagnoses and treats human responses to actual and potential health problems. She has to ensure that the patient and his family are adapting to the physiological and psychosocial effects of illness. This is through establishment of a strong and positive relationship with the patient and his family. The patient, relieved of those burdens that impede physical and psychological progress, truly begins to heal. Additionally, nurses have to make independent decisions and actions guided by their professional ethics and roles/ duties to ensure that they make a difference between health and permanent disability, life or death(Kraegel&Kachoyeanos, 1990). A good example is the case in which a nurse is required in attendance in the dead of night when the executive with a coronary has a cardiac arrest. Further, nurses are the ones who will detect fetal distress during labor. Additionally, when the hospital sends the patient home prematurely because his care is no longer reimbursed under DRGs or the HMO, it is the nurse who will go into the home and turn chaos into order.

Teacher and Learner

Nurses act as both teachers and learners. As teachers they provide patient education while as leaners, they have to continuously improve their professional expertise and skills through research and academic learning in order to offer the best quality services to their patients. It is the role of nurses to educate patients to live healthily and avoid some of the illnesses resulting from the unhealthy acts. Nurses have to go round educating people on how to avoid overweight issues. They are aware of the best ways to prevent overweight. Nurses also understand the health consequences of experiencing burnout and thus should avoid it and educate their patients to do the same. Nurses should educate the patients their role in the treatment process and promoting one’s health. They should understand why they have to take the prescribed medication and the right dosages (Finkelman& Kenner, 2010).

            Nursing practice is a profession that requires continuous learning. In order to ensure ‘good’ practices, nurses should need to improve their philosophical, theoretical knowledge, and intellectual bases. Nurses are thus required to broaden their knowledge bases using a checks and balance system. This is because nurses are faced by changing issues that they are not accustomed to. It is possible for nurses to employ similar practices when dealing with recurrent situations. However, some instances call for change. For instance, when nurses are faced with disasters, they are pushed to employ different methods in their practices lest they jeopardize the health of the society involved. As a result, nurses should ensure that the link between practice, theory, disciplinary goals, and philosophy is strengthened. This calls for both ‘knowing how’ and knowing that’. Knowing that is knowledge learned from books and clinical experiences. On the other hand, knowing how requires nurses to apply the learned knowledge. This is an indication that nurses should be able to build their knowledge bases and apply it as required in the nursing field in order to become advanced nurses. As noted by Robinson, Gould and Strosahl (2011), nursing practice requires continuous search for knowledge. Even though they are qualified as nurses upon graduation, nurses should continue to advance their knowledge and not stick to the same practices. This calls for behavioral learning theory, which requires that nurses change their nursing practices with change in technology and based on the surrounding circumstances.   

Nurse as a Leader and Manager

            Leadership and management in nursing are as important as they are in other organizations. Even though there are different leadership styles that are different organizations employ, the major ones employed in the nursing profession are directive, supportive, participative, building social exchanges, and followership. It is easy to become a leader in nursing if a person decides to dedicate his life in serving others. A leader can be defined a person who organizes and influences others (followers) to achieve certain common goals. Nevertheless, nurses as leadersare required to direct others and especially their patients to follow the prescriptions and the treatment process, be supportive in the decisions made by their patients, encourage the patients to participate in the treatment process since this improves health, and ensure strong and positive relationships with the patients and their families (Robinson, Gould &Strosahl, 2011).

            In nursing, there are several factors that determine the kind of leadership style to be employed at a particular point of time. Irrespective of the leadership style employed, nurses’ leadership must be guided by laid down professional ethics. Out of these nursing delivery models, participatory model is the best. This is because in encourages patients to be actively involved in their treatment process. This way, they are able to be educated on their role in the treatment process. They also have an ample room to ask for any clarification. It ensures a healthy relationship between the patient and the nurses (Provost& Murray, 2011)

Perception of a Nurse

The public perceives nurses as Angels of mercy, mother figures, handmaidens, martinets, and sex symbols. Nurses are expected to change the world to be a better place in which no one gets sick. They are also expected to be role models and ensure that they do not engage in unhealthy activities such as smoking since they are supposed to educate their patients to avoid them. They are expected to engage in all healthy behaviors so as to be good leaders who lead their patients by example. Nevertheless, nurses are flesh-and-blood human beings who gripe, laugh, swear, sweat, dream, make mistakes, win, and lose just like everyone else. The public wants a nurse to be a warm, caring human being (Kraegel&Kachoyeanos, 1990). These stereotypes make it hard for nurses to live normal and free lives like other people.

These stereotypes do not affect me as a nurse. I know what is expected of me and since I am guided by professional ethics in my practice, I ensure that I do what is right. I understand my roles perfectly and through continuous learning, I ensure promotion of health. However, I do not engage in activities that will mislead my patients. For instance, I cannot smell of alcohol or tobacco when I am educating a patient suffering from chest problems to quit smoking. 


            Effective nursing requires continuous learning so that the nurses keep in pace with changing technology and the increasing demands in the society. It requires a nurse to determine the best nursing practices and leadership roles that will ensure health promotion. Nurses should also act as both leaders and followers as they educate and also learn/ listen to their patients. Further, there are stereotypes held by the society regarding nursing that should not shake a nurse and prevent her from carrying on her roles effectively. A nurse should remember that he is guided by professional ethics and roles that dictate what should be done.           


Batalden, P. B., & Kerrigan, C. L. (2010).Lesson learned in changing healthcare: --and how we learned from. Toronto: Longwoods Pub.

Finkelman, A. W., & Kenner, C. (2010).Professional nursing concepts: Competencies for quality leadership. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Kraegel, J., &Kachoyeanos, M. (1990).Just a nurse. New York: Dell Publishing.

Provost, L. P., & Murray, S. K. (2011).The health care data guide: Learning from data for improvement. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Robinson, P., Gould, D., &Strosahl, K. (2011).Real Behavior Change in Primary Care: Improving Patient Outcomes and Increasing Job Satisfaction. New York: New Harbinger Publications.






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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:28

Should Felons be allowed to Vote?




Should Felons be allowed to Vote?



Introduction, Thesis, Audience, and Purpose

There are human rights that ensure fairness and justice all over the world. Justice can only be realized if people are allowed to enjoy the same rights. Human rights include the right to vote. This implies that following the argument of fairness ensured through enjoying the same human rights, all people should be allowed to vote. However, not all people enjoy the right to vote. Such people include the minors, mentally challenged, and felons. All these people are considered to have a weakness that deprives them the ability to make informed decisions and thus cannot be trusted in electing political leaders to lead the nation. A felon is a person who has committed a major crime amounting to a conviction by the court of law of over a year or even death. Considering the length of time a person stays in jail, it can be logical to argue that a felon should not be allowed to vote. This is based on the fact that a felon stays in prison for over a year and thus will not be free to enjoy the services of the political leaders he is allowed to vote. Additionally, a felon is likely to be subjected to death penalty and this means that he will never require the services of political leaders and thus if allowed to vote, he will not elect political leaders to serve the interests of the public since he does not mind how the country he does not belong to anymore is managed. However, being convicted of a felony does not deprive a person of his citizenship. One still remains a citizen and a human being who should enjoy rights other people do and thus should not be disfranchised for life. This supports the argument by Green (2014) that felons should be allowed to vote and in fact, the strict rules preventing them from voting should be changed. Writing to the public and the justice system, Green (2014) notes that “By perpetuating the stigma and isolation imposed on formerly incarcerated individuals, these laws increase the likelihood they will commit future crimes.” This is an indication the strict laws on felons do not help them transform as it should be but rather drive them back to prisons; prisons become their home as they commit one crime after another. Green (2014) writes to request for change of the current disfranchising rules since they are so mean on felons.

Appeal to Logos, Ethos, and Pathos

Green (2014) uses appeal to logos, ethos, and pathos to support his argument that felons should not be allowed to vote.Being an expert in the field of justice, Green (2014) urges the federal system to change the strict rules on felons and restore their right to vote. If the rules continue to be that strict and felons are not treated as people, they will only be subjected to more serious crimes as a result of the stigma they are exposed to. This is based on the fact that felons are labeled as criminals even after serving their sentence and this makes them feel as outsiders in their own country. They might be forced to think that their only comfortable place is in prison. The data is very clear that “about 2.5 percent of the nation’s voting age population is denied the right to vote because of current or previous felony convictions. Of those, nearly 40 percent are black. In 2010, the Sentencing Project found that nearly 8 percent of the adult black population — or 1 in 13 people — was disenfranchised” (Green, 2014). This means that the strict rules are out to ensure injustice on the blacks.

Supporting Detail

Even though it is more logical that felons are not allowed to vote because they are convicted for serious crimes and thus cannot be trusted with votes, it is notable that there are people who fight for their voting rights. Such people base their argument on the basis that felons have been punished for their crimes and thus should not be punished for the same crime twice. Once felons have been sentenced to prison, this is enough punishment for the committed crime (Green, 2014). Based on statistics in which around 5.8 million Americans for example are felons, it is arguable that if denied the right to vote,so many people in the country will be treated unfairly and the justice system will not be representing their interests. The elected leaders will not be a representation of the public because a substantial number is not represented in selecting them. This argument is supported by Frost, Joshua and Clear(2010) that since felons have been deprived of their freedom to run freely in the community as they serve their sentence, they should not be deprived of their right to vote as well. This will be double punishment for the same crime and this is unfair. Felons should thus be sentenced to prison but given a chance to vote so that they elect leaders who will make the society a better place to live in and maybe prevent future crimes. This is based on the fact that some felons might be pushed into committing crimes such as robbery with violence as a result of poverty due the conditions they live (FinKelman, 2013). This suggests that such felons are able to transform the living conditions in the societies they belong to by being allowed to vote thus selecting political leaders who mind their welfare. The same people argue that felons who are serving their prison sentence are doing so as they undertake rehabilitation services in order to change. They are trained to change for the better and thus are able to make rational and wise decisions such as voting (Dumas, 2012). This mostly goes for the felons who are sentenced to several-year imprisonment since they will soon be free and thus require participating in electing political leaders who will represent their needs in the future. The same people consider the rights of ex-felons who are denied the right to vote in several states. They argue that ex-felons have already served their sentences and thus should not be denied the right to vote. They have already paid for their crime and should be treated as normal people enjoying the rights other people enjoy (Gonchar, 2014). Since they have served the sentences and are now out of prison, they should be given the chance to elect political leaders who will represent their interests just like other citizens. 




Since a felony is a serious crime in the US, a person who commits it (a felon) should be sentenced to death or long-term sentence. Felonies are crimes such as murder, robbery with violence, arson, burglary, and rape among others. Denying felons the right to vote is based on the argument of the basis of irrational or uniformed decisions felons make. This is because it is argued that felons get into prison as a result of poor decision making. They make mistakes that lead them into committing serious crimes landing them into prison. If allowed to vote, such felons will likely make poor decision in choosing the political leaders and would thus not have served the interests and needs of the free citizens. However, this opposing argument is not valid because felons get into prison and undergo rehabilitation services that help them transform and thus should be treated as normal people once out of prison.  Further, failing to allow felons to vote can also be explained by the fact that most of them are sentenced to death penalty and thus are not in need of political leadership in a country. It does not matter the type of political leadership and leaders a country has for felons who will be persecuted for the committed crimes. Their place is in prison until their death and thus should be restricted from voting because it does not matter whether they vote or not.


Once in prison, felons should not be allowed to vote because they are likely to make wrong decisions. This is different for ex-felons who have already served their sentence and thus is apparently unfair to punish them two times for the same crime. This is because felons have paid for their crimes to the society by serving their sentences, thus they do not owe any debt to the society.




Dumas, M.B. (2012).Diving into the bitstream: Information technology meets society in a digital world. NY: Routledge..

FinKelman, P. (2013). Encyclopedia of American civil liberties. NY: Routldge.

Frost, N. A., Joshua, D., & Clear, T. R. (2010).Contemporary issues in criminal justice policy: Policy proposals from the American society of criminology conference. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Gonchar, M. (2014). Should felons be allowed to vote after they have served their time? The New York Times.Retrieved from

Green, M. (2014). Should felons have the right to vote?Retrieved from




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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:26

General Motors



General Motors

General Motors is an American multinational with headquarters in Detroit that design, manufactures, and distributes and markets automobiles and their spare parts and offers financial services across the world. In 2009, a public offering was made and became a public company. GM has 13 brands that are sold across thirteen countries. It has entered in joint ventures with several firms across the globe as a strategy to enter the market in different economies. The manner in which GM meets the needs of its clients mostly depends on the market segment; however, GM remains among the leaders in automobile industry across the globe. This essay evaluates the manner in which the operation of GM in North America differs with the operations of GM in Asia. It is imperative to note that in Asia; most of the GM operations are through joint ventures.

In Asia, there exist a great opportunity for GM, even though there is vast competition from other established automobile manufacturers such as Toyota among others. The competition policies in Asia are similar to the international standards, and there is skilled labor whose migration is not limited. The major differences in policies between the operations in GM operations is that in Asia, there are less strict labor laws and there exist cheap labor compared to the United States of America. More so, in Asia, the infrastructure is less developed in some economies than others, hence requiring GM to invest heavily in the in infrastructure. Although General Motors outsources some of the key inputs from others economies, in Asia, most of the product are made in Asia, or outsourced within the Asian alliances (Hogan, 1999).

            In Asia, GM faced several challenges due to the differences in business requirements and existences of competitors. It was critical to address the challenges faced by GM in Asia for its survival. Some of the challenges required simple policy changes while others required changes that were deep rooted, which could affect the corporate values and philosophies. Among the key strategies that the management in Asia considered was to establish a strong relationship with partners and suppliers. This is after considering that Toyota, GM’s principle competitors focused on long term solid relationship with its suppliers and partners for survival. Thus, GM focused on establishing stable long term relationship that would make the suppliers loyal and thus reduce conflicts and guarantee stability of the supplies. That would eventually enhance productivity and knowledge security along with production know how at General motors (Farber, 2002).

            The management at GM needed to have more control in the management for the major investments that it had made. GM had invested heavily in Daewoo and NUMMI; however, it had limited managerial control. Although there were situations where GM had major control in order to protect its investments, this was not the case in Daewoo and NUMMI, thus, it decided to have majority control in businesses where it had made major investment. Another management approach that made GM to succeed in Asia is the need to protect its technologies and knowledge. In order to beat its competitors, GM required to protect its assets that include technology and knowledge. This is through putting in place stricter measures to protect knowledge; whilst ensuring a closer relationship with those who have critical information concerning its technologies (Barabba, 2004). Another approach that the management employed to make G successful in Asia is constant improvement of the products. The firm had to do away with the goal of developing a small economy car but focus on the needs of its clients. GM had to invest in market research and establish the needs of the diverse Asian market and make decisions that would make it to remain at a competitive advantage (Richard &Walter, 2013).

There are some instances where GM failed after making some wrong management decisions. For example, the decision to allow Daewoo to manage GM’s resources through management control resulted to Daewoo becoming a major automobile player in South Korea at the expense of GM. GM only got Opel in return; an economy car that GM would have manufactured without much investments stress. Another management decision that was unsuccessful was the decision to open a joint venture with Suzuki. The major reason for the venture by GM was to support Suzuki develops a small economy car, while Suzuki was looking for a global partner who could make the firm gain international market. Thus, Suzuki would gain at the expense of GM by escaping the Japanese market. Suzuki succeeded to access market outside Japan, while GM did not manage to gain a reasonable market share in Japan.

            The managerial decisions are affected by different factors. Different economies have different business norms; therefore, managers have to consider the business norms in a respective economy before making their investment decisions across borders. The economic conditions along with the social background, such as religion, are very important while making the business regulations. Therefore, these factors differ across the globe and managers need to learn about the economic, social and political conditions before making the decisions in order to avoid conflicts.

            The differences between the operations of GM in Asia and GM in United States of America is attributed to the differences in respect to the political, economic, and social environment. The fact that GM is a global brand name played a key role in its success in Asia, however, that has not been realized without some failures here and there. The approach by the experienced GM management in Asia played a key role to enable GM to win a reasonable market share in Asia.




Barabba, V. P. (2004). Surviving Transformation: Lessons from GM's Surprising Turnaround. New York: Oxford University Press

Farber, D. R. (2002). Sloan Rules: Alfred P. Sloan and the Triumph of General Motors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hogan, M. (1999). The General Motors- Toyota joint venture: a General Motors perspective. The antitrust bulletin, 44(4), 831-839.

Richard S, Jr. & Walter, M. (2013). GENERAL MOTORS' ROAD TO RECOVERY. Michigan Sociological Review, 1(27),1-34.

Published in Uncategorised
Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:25

Advanced Information Management in Nursing



Advanced Information Management in Nursing


  1. Introduction. 3
  2. The Project Committee. 4
  3. Team Members and their Organizational Positions. 5
  4. Roles of each Member 5
  5. Necessity of Each Team Member’s Expertise for the Project 6
  6. Two Real-Life Computerized Management Systems. 8
  7. Microsoft Dynamics GP10. 8
  8. Systems, Applications & Products (SAP) 8
  9. Summary of the Advantages and Disadvantages of the Two Systems. 8
  10. Microsoft Dynamics GP10. 8
  11. SAP. 9
  12. The Best Choice System.. 10
  13. SAP Features. 10
  14. The System’s Impact on Patient Care and Documentation. 11
  15. How Using the System to Access Information Will Influence Service Delivery. 12
  16. Organizational Benefits. 12
  17. Quality Improvement (QI) 12
  18. Security Standards and Methods. 13
  19. How the System Protects Patients’ Privacy. 13
  20. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) 14
  21. How the System Reduces Costs. 14
  22. Importance of Involving All Nurses in the Project 15
  23. Conclusion. 15
  24. References. 17

Advanced Information Management in Nursing

1.      Introduction

            Advances in technology have resulted in many professionals adapting the use of technology in advancing their performance. Recent technological advances allow nurses to improve the quality of services they offer their patients through efficient access to evidence and data. Consequently, decisions made at both the point of care and the organizational level is impacted by information support systems. Nurses prepared at the master’s level fill a key role in leading unit and organizational change that incorporates these emerging technologies into the improvement of patient safety and quality of care. Primarily, effective management of data ensures that patients’ information is safe; thus reducing chances of lawsuits resulting from confidentiality of clients’ personal information (Dixon & Massey, 2007). One of the key sectors that have been positively affected by IT is communication channels. In the nursing profession, information is exchanged between nurses, doctors, departmental heads and patients (Foley & Stein, 2011). Essentially, improved information management ensures that information reaches the target audience in real time. Subsequently, such possibilities lead to reduced cases of morbidity in patients since their personal information is accessible within the shortest time possible. At the same time, any available medical practitioner could serve any patient making follow up because the patient’s information is available in the health care institution Everdingen, Hillegersberg & Waarts, 2000).

Notably, in the current nursing system, all decisions must have accurate information to offer quality health care in competitive and cost effective manner. In addition, well-informed decisions seek timely, complete and accurate information available from well-managed data processors. At the same time, health care providers must be conversant with tools responsible for managing information. Notably, knowledge of computers as well as the applications that run them is necessary for any health care professional. Notably, the Digital Age has succeeded the Information Age, which means that data accessibility is much easier today when compared to the 1990s. However, as Barnard, Nash & O'Brien (2011) note, “The practice of nursing has not escaped the exponential growth in the amount and complexity of information in recent decades.” (p. 508) In essence, paper documentation has outlived its usefulness because it cannot meet the needs of a hospital with one hundred-bed capacity. The hospital must have several departments and dozens of nurses and other medical practitioners it were to serve the patients efficiently and effectively. Nurses are expected to improve the quality of the lives of their patients. Ideally, “The all encompassing evidence-based practice movement supports the development of a research basis for health-care practice and requires that nurses have the skills to access, appreciate and apply pertinent research findings to their practice (Barnard, Nash &O'Brien, 2011, p. 509). At the same time, retrieving this information from an institution suing paper work is not only tedious but time consuming. Innately the use of ineffective data management systems increases the chances of errors that could lead to preventable death of patients. Fundamentally, to increase efficiency and effectiveness of data mining and information sharing, the organization must embrace technology in its data management.

Proposal for a New Information Management System

2.      The Project Committee

Each project must have a committee responsible for drafting and implementing the required system. In addition, the committee should draw members from different departments of the organization in order to ensure that the needs of all employees are met. At the same time, the members must be conversant with the assigned roles to improve service delivery and the time taken in designing and implementing the said project.

a.      Team Members and their Organizational Positions

Member Title

Nursing Position in the Organization

Masters Nursing Informatics Certificate

Assistant Director of Nursing

Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

Assistant Head Nurse

Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

Nursing Assistant

Advanced Practice Registered Nurse and Certificate in Accounting

Staff Nurse

b.      Roles of each Member

            The assistant director of nursing would be the chairperson of the project. In essence, the chair organizes meetings and assigns all members roles and deadlines. Innately, deadlines are essential in any project because they ensure that team members perform to their potential. Consequently, other members would be reporting their progress to the chair on a weekly basis. On the other hand, any changes that the project requires to move forward would be discussed during the team members’ next meeting. As a leader, the chair would ensure that all team members are briefed on the project’s progress before any upcoming meeting. Team members would be advised to keep their discussions confidential in order to boost the morale of all team members.

            On the other hand, the assistant director of nursing would act as the vice-chair in the team. The vice-chair acts on behalf of the chairperson when the latter is absent. In addition, the nurse ensures that all members have direct communication to each other in order to share their challenges and seek for solutions from other members. In addition, the vice-chair would ensure that all members work as a team because teamwork is ideal in solving challenges. Moreover, the chosen person coordinates the best methods of tackling resistance to change which is expected from some of the staff members.

            The Nursing Assistant would act as the secretary of the team because discussions and contributions must be noted down. In essence, notes are essential in any project because they references in the future. Since all members are equal stakeholders in the group, every contribution is important. Communication is an important aspect in the team because it ensures that al members are aware of what is going on in the project. Consequently, the secretary would provide minutes of any discussion to all members.

            Lastly, the staff nurse would act as the financial controller in the project. Her certificate in accounting comes in handy for she would ensure that the project could draw a budget that would cover of all costs. However, she would be working with the other members but she is the leading guide in all financial matters.

c.       Necessity of Each Team Member’s Expertise for the Project

The chairperson has worked in several team projects, which makes him an ideal leader in the project. In addition, the chair has a Master’s Nursing Informatics Certificate thus providing an ideal leader who uses the knowledge of information management to create a project that succeeds. At the same, the project is enormous thus requiring a dedicated person who would commit time towards achieving the set goals and objectives. The chair establishes the needed knowledge of computer software, which is necessary to keep the project on the right path. Notably most of the other members are comfortable to work with paper documentation and as a result, the leader advises them on the benefits of switching to digital data management because it is easily retrievable. In nursing, confidentiality of information is essential which means that the expertise of the chairperson would be ideal in bringing on board software that would guarantee only authorized people’s access to the information. Initially, the chairperson would create an efficient communication technique between the team members to ensure that information gets to the intended recipient in real time.

At the same time, the assistant director of nursing has been in firm for several years; therefore, the person understands the weaknesses and strengths of all other team members, in addition, the vice-chair has been on a leadership role for a long time, which makes it easier to coordinate the project’s activities. In essence, the vice-chair is not new to team work and as a result, the project’s members would be happy to have her as the vice-leader.

The nursing assistant is an advanced practice registered nurse who understands the needs of patients, their families and other staff members. In addition, as the secretary the person understands the most important aspects to be addressed by the project. Consequently, the secretary is in a position to note the most important points that would ensure the project’s success. Although the secretary lacks any formal secretarial knowledge, the project needs a person who is willing to dedicate much time on the project. The nursing assistant has worked for the firm for six years; thus, the person is in a position to understand the challenges posed by paper documentation.

Any project must have a budget for it to move forward. Consequently, the staff nurse offers an ideal solution to financial matter because the individual has a certificate in accounting. The financial controller would ensure adequate allocation of funds to different segments of the project. In addition, the person’s knowledge in accounting would come in handy in helping negotiations with other organizations’ representatives when outsourcing the needed software. Ideally, the financial controller would use accounting knowledge to reduce chances of overpricing the needed materials (Everdingen, Hillegersberg & Waarts, 2000).

3.      Two Real-Life Computerized Management Systems

i.                    Microsoft Dynamics GP10

ii.                  Systems, Applications & Products (SAP)

a.      Summary of the Advantages and Disadvantages of the Two Systems

        i.            Microsoft Dynamics GP10

Microsoft Dynamics GP10 was released in 2010 and it is one of the Microsoft’s ERP systems. Microsoft Dynamics GP10 is a dynamic product line that comes in four variant offerings, which are AX, GP, NAV and SL. Great Plains Software, an autonomous organization located in Fargo, North Dakota was the first organization to develop Dynamics GP. However, Microsoft acquired Great Plains Software in 2010 for $1.1 billion. Dynamics SL. handles accounting and other fundamental project management. It is worth noting that Microsoft understands the importance of market segmentation and this is the reason why Dynamics SL targets, health care institutions, construction management corporations, distribution firms and government contractors. This is because their businesses are not complex which implies that the Dynamics SL is effective in serving these clients (Microsoft, 2011).

            On the other hand, Dynamics NAV is meant for mid-size firms. In addition to incorporating accounting and fundamental project management, it is also cost effective. This means that mid size organizations, which have limited resources, have access to ERP solution. Consequently, according to Microsoft, more than fourteen thousand customers across the world use Dynamics GP. It offers a complete ERP solution to clients (O’Leary, 2004). As noted by Microsoft (2011), Dynamics GP “Microsoft touts this system as requiring lower implementation, and long term maintenance costs, than similar SAP or Oracle products.” It offers information functionalities, manufacturing services, sales and marketing, supply chain, project management, human resources and financial services. This makes the work of human resource department easier by reducing employee turnover. It is worth noting that employee turnover is a very expensive venture for any given organization in the long term (Microsoft, 2011).

Larger and multinational corporations use Dynamics AX, which is referred to as the Microsoft’s Cadillac program. This is because it offers a complete ERP solution for an organization irrespective of its size. In addition to offering all GP functionalities, it gives organizations an all round intelligence reporting. In the United States, organizations are striving to adopt the green movement and Dynamics AX makes this easier. Moreover, it gives firms chances of acquiring up to date information on environmental sustainability (Microsoft, 2011).

b.      SAP

SAP was developed in Germany by SAP and it is among the leading ERP software providers for businesses in the world. SAP ensures that every business has a product that suits it regardless of its size. SAP has in the excess of nineteen thousand organizations using its services in more than one hundred and twenty countries in the world (SAP, 2012). The SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) replaced SAP’s R/3 system. SAP aims at helping organizations in optimizing their business operations because this would lead to increased productivity and profitability. SAP ERP system has four modules, which are Corporate, Human Capital Management, Financials and Operation Services. Financial and core accounting processes are handled by the Financials. Through Financials, firms are able to track profits, receivables, revenues and expenses accurately. This ensures that organization reduce losses which could happen through misappropriation of funds and other resources by fraudulent employees (SAP, 2012).

The interests of the human resource department lie under Human Capital Management. Promotions, training and recruitments are all covered by this system. In addition, it manages payrolls and this ensures that employee satisfaction is enhanced. It is worth noting that workforce analysis plays a critical role in the success of any organization and this means that it has to be taken seriously. On the contrary, service, sales, manufacturing, research, development and purchasing are catered for by Operations. Lastly, travel management, environmental safety and health, project portfolio, enterprise, real estate functions and all asset management functions lie under Corporate Services (SAP, 2012).

c.       The Best Choice System

SAP is ideal for the project because it covers all necessary requirements for running a medical facility efficiently. The system has advanced features that are ideal for improving quality, efficiency, safety while reducing health disparities. The fact that it stores data for all operations in the health facility makes work easier for departmental heads thus improving efficiency. At the same time, any data is retrievable from any computer terminal as long as the user has a password.  

d.      SAP Features

SAP SOP is used for producing forecasts in production plant level or distribution center. It is worth noting that estimated future data, existing and historical play an important role in forecasting. SAP SOP is made up of two application components which are standard sales/operations planning and flexible planning. Cumulative historical data is used in forecasting in demand planning under the Standard SAP SOP. SAP ERP system has several strategies that it uses in the creation of the demand program. Fulfillment of requirements available in the warehouse lies under make-to-stock production. Moreover, subassembly planning is an assembly of planning which is based on make-to-stock production. Order-related production focuses on producing finished products and assembly of make-to-stock production (Hayes, Hunton & Reck, 2001). The primary strength for this system is that it consolidates data and is accessible via a password. Consequently, it ensures that unauthorized person cannot access the data because of the confidentiality required in nursing. Consequently, this system ensures that patients’ personal data is safe at all times. In addition, it offers a wide range of products to serve the interests on any organization according to their sizes. Ideally, the firm is medium seize which means that it could work with well with the system. Moreover, the system meets the three stages of meaningful use, which are

  • Improved efficient delivery of services
  • Engaging family and patient
  • Marinating privacy and confidentiality of patient’s health information

Implementation of the system in the health care sector would ensure that patients’ needs are met in real time because increased accessibility of data. Additionally, the system addresses needs for different departments thus resulting in increased coordination between different segments of the health care facility. In essence, electronic health records (EHR) are vital in increasing patient trust towards the organization.

e.       The System’s Impact on Patient Care and Documentation

Ideally, data mining when using paper documentation poses numerous challenges to any organization. However, implementing SAP system of data management would ensure that any needed information about a patient of retrieved in real time thus saving time spend on searching for missing files and costs. On the other hand, patient’s information would be available for all authorized persons, which means that any medical practitioner could serve return patients. Importantly, medical institutions keep patients’ records for use in the future. Subsequently, with SAP it would be easier to document and store patients’ data safely. Patients would not have to wait for hours before their medical history is retrieved from the institutions database (SAP, 2011).

f.        How Using the System to Access Information Will Influence Service Delivery

Accuracy is an important attribute in the nursing profession. Subsequently, the system would ensure that accurate data on any patient is traced within the shortest time possible thus reducing the time spent at the hospital. Patients would be happy to work with the institution because they understand the quality of the firm’s services. In essence, the system reduces chances of error during service delivery because of availability of any previous data that is useful in giving a patient the best medical care (SAP, 2011).

4.      Organizational Benefits

a.      Quality Improvement (QI)

Management of data is essential in tracking errors and working to correct them in order to improve service delivery. The system tacks all essential data in the running of the institution. It could track errors in misappropriation of funds and analyze how the money was spent. Consequently, any responsible person for the misappropriation would be traced and necessary actions taken to discipline such behavior. Ideally, the system provides information for the entire period that it is in use. Data analysts are required to track information over a given period to check the presence of any irregularities. In matters of financial information, the firm could hire external auditors to analyze the firm’s financial books and give a recommendation on their findings.

On the other hand, patient information would be used to check whether they are consistent. Since each entry has a date, the information is useful to track a patients’ well being after leaving the hospital in order to offer the best services. In essence, all patients’ information is accessible in one digital file accessible by entering the patient’s name. Consequently, it is easier to track and correct any patient’s informational errors and offer the quality service.

b.      Security Standards and Methods

The system offers each authorized person to choose a password to use when accessing data stored in the computer. This guarantees privacy and integrity of the institution. Moreover, the system locks away any unauthorized people by a strong firewall that keeps hackers at bay. In addition, the system provider continuously upgrades the system in a bid to ensure that they stay ahead of hackers. Additionally, the software providers provide a backup mechanism for retrieving any data that is lost by crashing of computers. Consequently, the stored data remains in secure hands and once deleted, it cannot be found by any unauthorized persons (Hayes, Hunton & Reck, 2001).

c.       How the System Protects Patients’ Privacy

As noted earlier, only authorized persons have access to any data stored in the system. In addition, nurses understand the importance of keeping privacy of patients’ information, which implies that they would not share their passwords with any other persons. At the same time, the software provider offers a reliable firewall that keeps hackers away thus reducing the chances of unauthorized people accessing the data. Consequently, patient information safety is guaranteed (SAP, 2011).

d.      Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) protect privacy of any identifiable health data concerning a given patient. In addition, any electronic data storage system must meet the privacy requirements (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2015). However, SAP is ideal because no one can access the data except those authorized by the institution. Consequently, patient’s information would be in safe hands while stored in the system. In essence, SAP provides backup security, which bars any attempted unauthorized access to the system thus, relieving all stakeholders. In addition, the system notifies the authorized personnel of such occurrences, which help in building a secure storage system. Importantly, it is possible to change passwords for employees leave the facility thus denying them access to the stored information.

e.       How the System Reduces Costs

Paper documentation is bulk, which implies that any organization using this system requires large stores for keeping all the important paper works. On the contrary electronic data management requires minimal space because all information is stored in digital sources such as hard disks. Consequently, adopting the system reduces costs for data storage in terms of space needed for storing data. In addition, the number of people required for data retrieval is many when using paper documentation. However, digital data storage requires minimal workforce that saves money for the organization. On the other hand, the time taken to retrieve electronic data is minute which saves time for the organization. Consequently, the time saved could be used in other duties that are beneficial to the organization. Electronic data improves service delivery, which means an improved performance of the facility. Consequently, this leads to improved revenue for the organization because it serves large numbers of patients within a short time. Electronic data does not entail any waste materials because paperwork is eliminated. Subsequently, the firm saves on waste management given the reduced paperwork, which implies that the firm saves revenue on this front.

5.      Importance of Involving All Nurses in the Project

Although only experts in the field would implement the project, all staff members must be involved in the project. In essence, people tend to resist change because they see it as unnecessary thus failing to look in to the benefits that come with any change in their line of work, involving all the nurses in the project would ensure that the implementation phase goes smoothly and all tasks are completed in the allocated time. Communication is vital during the implementation phase because it ensure that all stakeholders perform their duties to the fullest. Consequently, the implementers must provide necessary information to the nursing team for them to know what they need to do to ensure success of the project. In addition, their views towards the project are necessary because it would reveal areas that need attention, which might have passed the team members.

6.      Conclusion

In essence, electronic data management is essential for the running of medical providers because it ensures easy access to information and patients’ data. In addition, nursing requires accuracy in serving clients better. However, paper documentation could compromise accuracy because of the amount spend to retrieve important data. Implementing electronic data management ensures that patients’ information is secure by using SAP. SAP offers comprehensive data management, which is ideal for the hospital. Ideally, it helps human resource, financial department and storage of patient data. In addition, the system is secure and it guarantees privacy of patient personal information thus complying with HIPAA requirements. Although SAP and MS Dynamics offer different services to the user, it has been noted that each program has its merits and demerits. However, the two programs have invented programs, which are suitable for different sizes and sizes of health care institutions. In essence, it is of paramount importance to note that it is cheaper to implement and use MS Dynamics. On the other hand, customers have used SAP for a longer time and many of them report more satisfaction. Organizations, which aspire to remain in the competitive world of business, do not have a choice other than using information technology to streamline their operations. The organizations have to invest enough resources that would ensure that IT is efficient and effective. Consequently, this cannot be achieved without training enough personnel on the usage of latest IT software available in the market. This is because new technologies are continuously being invented. Majority organizations across the world have realized the need of embracing IT in their operations. However, managers have to learn in order to understand programs that best suit their organizations in terms of their needs. This is because software has been invented and they target a given segment of the clientele.




7.      References

Barnard, A., Nash, R. &O'Brien, M. (2011). “Information literacy: developing lifelong skills through nursing education.” Journal of Nursing Education, 44(11): 505-510.

Dixon, W. & Massey, F. (2007). Introduction to Statistical Analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Everdingen, Y., Hillegersberg, J. E., & Waarts, E. (2000). ERP adoption by European midsize companies. Communications of the ACM, 43(4): 27-31.

Foley, J., & Stein, T. (2011). Oracle aims at applications midmarket. Information Week: 30.

Hayes, D., Hunton, J. & Reck, J. (2001). Market reaction to ERP implementation announcements. Journal of Information Systems, 3: 3-18.

Microsoft (2011) Facts about Microsoft. Retrieved 10 Feb 2015 from

O’Leary, D. E. (2004). "Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Systems: An Empirical Analysis of Benefits." Journal of Emerging Technologies in Accounting, 1:63-72.

SAP (2011). SAP Business Suite. Retrieved 10 Feb 2015 from

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2015). Improving the health, safety, and well-being of America. Retrieved 10 Feb 2015 from








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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:25

Professional Nursing Roles



Professional Nursing Roles

            Nursing is among the most critical professionals across the globe that is essential for the survival of humanity. The role of nurses is mainly to improve the health of their clients. However, to achieve that objective, a diverse and complex approach of health is employed. This is because health issues have become very complex and the nursing professionals is also changing with time. Presently, the changes in the society have made new challenges to arise, hence making it complex for nurses to achieve their professional goals. In the society, different people have different perception of nurses. Nonetheless, nurses are guided by professional ethics in their practices, however; it is imperative to acknowledge that nurses are ordinary human being who have gone through training and thus have been licensed to perform their professional roles. This research paper focuses on nurses as care providers, learners, managers, and the general perception of nurses by the public.

Health Promotion

Being a doctor does not mean a person is perfect. In fact, healthcare workers are just like any other human beings and therefore have a right to choose what to do with their lives rather than being forced into ‘health-gods’. Healthcare workers live in the same environment as other people, enjoy similar foods, and succumb to same illnesses. With all these similarities, healthcare workers wonder where the difference sets in. Healthcare workers would understand that they know health issues better than the other (Parse, 1981). Thus, their principle role is health promotion through the guidance of their professional ethics. They need to listen to inside voice and do as it says; this way, they will act differently from other people. Healthcare workers understand the problems their patients create for themselves because of living unhealthily. The healthcare workers are aware of the problems their patients face as a result of alcohol use, drug abuse, over-eating, and smoking among others. It would not be realistic for healthcare workers to create the same problems they watch patients do.

The role of nurses in the promotion and improving the health of individuals, populations, and families should not be undermined. It is the nurses who play the most critical role in ensuring that the vulnerable members of the society access to health care and thus improve their social well-being along with health. While promoting health, the nurses employ multiple skills and know that every contact counts. In performing their roles, they realize that they have to ensure that they reduce the impact of illness and ensure that a patient performance returns to normal (McHugh, et, al, 2009). Among the key roles that nurses have played is serving as midwives who support women while giving birth. Without this role, many babies and their mothers would die, hence jeopardizing the future of humanity.

Teacher Learner

Patient education is very important in healthcare for a patient. It can be defined as the provision of both written and verbal information to the patient in order to improve his understanding of the treatment process and thus prevent complications (Falvo, 2011). Patient education thus helps in realizing long-term outcomes that lead to better coping skills. People with clear understanding of their illness recover with ease and do not report repeated setbacks. It is through patient education that the patient knows the role he has to play in his health. A patient has to be educated every time he is treated so that he understands the treatment process and is able to take the medication as prescribed. It is notable that patient education helps in not only influencing the patient to participate in his treatment but also in improving outcomes, identifying errors prior to occurrence, and reducing one’s length of an illness.

As earlier mentioned, patient education should not only be to inform the patient of how to take care of himself and avoid future illnesses. Patient education is also vital in enabling the patient understand the treatment process. A patient will cooperate and be active in the treatment process once the doctor explains to him why similar steps and actions and being taken. This eases the work of healthcare providers since patients understand their role in the treatment process. It is very hard for healthcare providers if the patients are not taking care of themselves as required. Thus, the learning theory employed by nurses is the behavioral theory learning, which is effective in ensuring that patients learn about their health.

Nurse as a Leader and Manager

            Leadership is a diverse issue in any profession and nursing is not exceptional. It is dependent on many factors within the organization and outside the organization. In nursing, there are several factors that determine the kind of leadership style to be employed at a particular point of time. Irrespective of the leadership style employed, nurses’ leadership must be guided by laid down professional ethics. The American Nurses Association is responsible for establishment of various provisions that guides the nurses’ code of ethics in their line of duty.

            Different situations call for different leadership strategies. There are three leadership strategies that are applicable in the nursing profession; these include paternalistic, authoritarian, and collaborative strategy. Paternalistic leadership requires the leader to play the role of the father to the other junior nurses who are expected to work hard to earn loyalty from their leader. The leader works hard to fight for the rights of the junior nurses and when there is a good relationship between the leader and other junior nurses, the patients benefit by being offered quality services (Marshall, 2011). An advantage of this style is that the juniors can learn from the leader, while its demerit is that is too much interaction between the leader and juniors can result to disrespect among them.  Another leadership style is authoritarian leadership whereby the leader has full control over junior nurses through strict supervision and maintains only a professional relationship. This leadership style creates pressure to ensure the correct thing is done, but it can result to rebellion among the nurses against the leader.  Rosdahl and Kowalski (2008) notes that democratic leadership style involves all nurses being involves in the decision making process through practicing social equality. Everyone is considered a leader and team work is enabled. The greatest advantage for this style is that it enhances teamwork, however, it can takes time to make decisions due to extensive consultation among the nurses. The nursing delivery model that was most effective for better patient outcomes is the collaborative model.

            Teamwork is very important in nursing. The leaders of a team need to ensure that the team members are motivated to work towards achieving a common objective. As the leaders of the team employ collaborative leadership, this must take into consideration the short-term and long-term goals of the team (Grossman, 2013). Members should be empowered by being allowed to take part in the decision making process. A team with an effective leader results to high performance and efficiency in allocation of the limited resources in the health care setting; otherwise, poor team leadership results to failure of the healthcare system.

Perception of Nurse

Within many societies, nurses are considered to be professionals who are most competent with issues pertaining health of individuals. The nurses are expected to be people who work tirelessly to save life and improve the health of patients. In most cases, the patients assume that nurses do not have a personal life, thus, the patient expects the nurses to avail their services whenever they are needed. They demand that nurses are super human beings who are expected to know their problems and address them with perfection. Different people have different perception of nurses in regards to their skills, care, and professionalism. To some extent, the perception is mostly influenced by what the nurses are wearing.

The public or media perception of nurses do not affect me as a nurse. This is because nurses are guided by their professional ethics and should not allow external factors to disrupt them from performing their tasks. The different perception that is exhibited by different people is mainly determined by the professional role expectation and the right to express one self. However, one major factor that determines the perception of nurses by the public is their code of dressing. Nurses who wear their uniform and have limited body parts being visible are considered more competent than those not wearing uniforms.


            Nursing is a complex profession that requires vast knowledge in order to overcome the challenges associated with it. It requires one to be highly intelligent in order to be able to address the challenges while at the same time be able to adjust to the changes in the professional. The ability to multitask and consider the nursing ethics is critical elements that nurses should keep in their heart while performing their tasks. The new knowledge acquired during the course revolves around the learning theories and the nursing leadership theories.




Falvo, D. R. (2011). Effective patient education: A guide to increased adherence. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.

Grossman, S. (2013). Mentoring in nursing: A dynamic and collaborative process. New York, NY: Springer Pub. Co.

Marshall, E. S. (2011). Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert clinician to influential leader. New York, NY: Springer.

McHugh GA, et al. (2009). Specialist community nurses: a critical analysis of their role in the management of long-term conditions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 6(10), pp.2550-2567.

Parse, R. R. (1981). Man-living health: A theory of nursing. New York: Wiley.   

Rosdahl, C. B., & Kowalski, M. T. (2008). Textbook of basic nursing. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.






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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:24

Mett’s Modalities Inventory





Mett’s Modalities Inventory


            The score of 23 on visual modalities reflects that I like learning by observing. I usually remember things that I saw on the board or something that I read from a book. In addition, I can remember things that I read in a book and most cases; I can locate the source of information such as the left or right-hand side of a page. Consequently, I study body movements well because I can see many things from what a person intends to reveal. Additionally, whenever I am doing a test, I can visualize the textbook on my head. I do not like any disturbances such as music from the background whenever an involved in an important task. Subsequently, I require a quiet place to undertake my critical assignments. In essence, my primary modality is visual because I learn better from graphs, charts, filmstrips and textbooks. On the other hand, audio pattern supports my primary method of information intake. Ideally, I like lecturers and audiotapes but not as much as like seeing what I would like to learn. I do not like rewriting class notes or taking notes and as such I am poor in kinesthetic. I have known for a long time that I am a visual learner because I like studying while alone. Group discussions do not favor me because I like time to visualize whatever I am reading. At the same time, I remember things I have overheard from audio clips especially if I listen to the same with minimum disturbance. My friends have realized that I am better off when doing my studies as an individual.

Children display different strengths concerning their learning modalities through behavior. Subsequently, some teachers label some children as weak in certain areas yet when they sit for the examinations; they pass just like their peers. In essence should not discriminate children based on their strengths or weaknesses because different people have diverse methods of partaking information. On the contrary, teachers should encourage children to better their strengths to achieve better results in future (Coil, 2005).



Top of Form

Coil, C. (2005). Teaching tools for the 21st century. Marion, IL: Pieces of Learning.

Bottom of Form

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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:24

Education argumentative




In education, many professionals believe that measurable abilities such as such as spelling accuracy, but fail to gauge other qualities such as emotional well being. Ideally, over the years researchers have established that emotions are critical for the health of both the teacher and the student in any school. At the same time, recent innovations in cognitive science allow researchers to know where and how the brain/body processes emotion. Traditionally, teachers could define emotion as misbehavior failing to understand that people have good emotions, which enhance their learning abilities.

Knowing the type of environment that creates favorable emotions is an ideal approach for promoting education in schools. According to Sylwester, emotions are responsible for peoples' behaviors more than the brain. To achieve high performances in schools, it is important to create moods that evoke good emotions from all the stakeholders. Students need to understand when to use rational behavior to override their feelings. Consequently, self-control among students is essential in promoting learning in institutions. Teachers should teach students such traits in order to have quiet lives in schools. In essence, communication plays a vital role in relieving emotions. Before making any decision, students ought to be granted an opportunity to express them because it helps in reducing anger in the future. Students would be unhappy when they realize that individual decisions were imposed on them without consultation. Subsequently, in a successful learning environment, must embrace dialogue as a means of solving problems. Dialogue encourages students to talk about their emotions and share with their peers. Notably emotionally stressful school settings reduce students’ learning abilities thus failing to meet the institution’s objectives. Fundamentally, extracurricular activities reduce emotional stress among pupils. Consequently, students require encouragement to engage in activities that use all the parts of the body. In the end, the students would be relaxed and behave well thus increasing their learning abilities.



Sylwester, R. (1994). “How emotions affect learning.” Journal of Educational Leadership, 52(2), 60-65.

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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:23

Assignment: evolution





Assignment: evolution




Emotion is very important in education. This is because it drives attention by giving a person the need to learn and memorize what has been learned. Nevertheless, it is not possible to regulate one’s learning unless he understands his emotional system fully. It is very rare to have people incorporate emotion comfortably in the classroom. In addition, the teaching profession does not address the relationship existing between an emotionally and a stimulating positive classroom experience. However, after the week’s teaching, I now understand the importance of emotion in the classroom. It is only after one can control and regulate his emotions that he can clearly and easily understand what is being taught.

In my professional life, I plan to regulate my emotions in order to create an ample environment for the students and teachers. I plan to have teachers learn how to control their emotions so that they not only relate well with their students but with other students as well. The students should also learn how to understand and control their emotions so that they relate well with other students. This way, they will be relaxed and have a conducive environment for learning. Learning in this case will not be based on punishments and reprimands but also on the atmosphere created.

Since most students understand the complexity of emotions and how they experience them, I will ensure that they articulate what they know. I will ensure the school they learn in focuses on metacognitive activities, which encourages students to talk about their emotions, listen to the feelings of their classmates, and consider the motivations brought about by people entering their curriculum world. I will also ensure that students emphasize on social interaction activities that ensure that the entire body provides the required emotional support. This includes activities such as games, arts, field trips, physical education, discussions, cooperative learning, and interactive projects. I will not advocate for withdrawal of these activities when students behave or budges are tight since this will be a great drawback to the learning process (Sylwester, 1994). 

I understand that when school environments are emotionally stressful, they reduce the ability of the students to successfully learn. As a result, I will encourage self-esteem and empower the students to control their own environment so that they are able to manage stress. This means that I will not support highly authoritarian and evaluative schools even though they promote efficiency, accountability, an institutional economy. This is because such learning institutions heighten nonproductive stress in both staff and the students. I will create a learning environment in which students are free to air their views and present their grievances. This way, the students will be relaxed and more comfortable when learning. This will ensure that the students perform better in their learning since they are not forced into learning but are relaxed to easily understand (Dewey, 1910).

I also understand that emotions exist without learning. They are not easy to change as well. Nevertheless, they should not be ignored. However, I should train people to use rational processes that override their emotions so that they have them in check. Students should learn self-control strategies that ensure that they are encouraged to be nonjudgmental and efficient in emotion control. This will ensure that students do not recall past experiences with anger when they recall that a decision was imposed on them; that their views were not considered when making the decisions (Sylwester, 1994). I will ensure that every learning strategy I use makes the people affected comfortable.    





Dewey, J. (1910). How we think. Boston, MA: D. C. Heath & Co., Publishers.

Sylwester, R. (1994). How emotions affect learning. Educational Leadership, 52(2), 60-65. Retrieved from

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Tuesday, 28 December 2021 13:23

Multiple Intelligences





Multiple Intelligences




Multiple intelligence according to Gardner has eight distinct intelligences namely linguistic, naturalist, musical, intrapersonal, spatial, interpersonal, logical-mathematical, and bodily-kinesthetic (Gardner, 1993). Multiple intelligences explain why a person is able to perform better in some fields and poor in others (Woolfolk, 2005). After completing the “Find Your Strengths” form, I have realized that I am strong in aspects and weak in others. After completing the form, I agree with the results as they actually articulate who I am. This is based on the segments of logic/math, social, and self. To start with, I am very strong in using numerical symbols and numbers, in knowing my relation with my family, liked by people of all ages, often look for weakness I notice in other in myself, use equations in describing relationships and explaining my observations, consider physical fitness of great importance, I fit with different types of people, I influence other people easily, have effective team skills, and a good sense of myself.

My weaknesses on other hand are in music, nature, love for pets, love for plants and animals, and being free with strangers. Even though I am weak in this, I do not mean that I cannot learn to perfect my weak skills. This implies that an instructor can use the students’ weaknesses and strengths to decide on the best learning method. It is possible to understand how to relate with colleagues, my own children, and students since I understand what they are qualified in and what should be improved (Berlin, 1978). For instance, learning one’s social skills helps in determining how to relate with others. I also understand that different learners are talented different and with different intelligences and thus should emphasize on them when grading their performance. 





Berlin, I. (1978). In H. Hardy (Ed.), Russian thinkers. London, UK: Hogarth.

Gardner, H. (1993). The unschooled mind: How children think and how schools should teach. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Woolfolk, A. (2005). Educational Psychology (9th Ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn& Bacon Publishing.

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