Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development

According To Erik Erikson, from infancy to adulthood, each person passes through different stages of development where the person learns and masters new challenges. In essence, each step requires abilities from the previous phase. In addition, unsuccessful challenges in one of the stages might appear as problems in the person’s future. Notably, both socio-cultural and biological forces play an integral role in pushing the individual through the eight stages. An individual must use the two forces simultaneously to acquire the necessary skills of negotiating through the different phases (Slater, 2003).

Notably, one the major stages in life is the Love: Intimacy vs. isolation, which occurs during young adulthood, 20–24 or 20–39 years. During this phase, one works towards fitting in friends thus avoiding rejections. In my life, I have realized that relationships with friends are essential to have a fulfilling life. I always listen to my friends to learn what they have to say. In reality, I reduce conflicts with friends through providing moral support to any friend in need. In essence, I value my friends’ desires to be appreciated because, during this stage in life, every rational person needs friends to achieve a purposeful life. I have learned the importance of learning from my friends because it helps to understand my weaknesses and change them to strength. According to Gladwell (2008), successful people learn from the population and the environment around them. However, one cannot learn especially when he does not appreciate the presence of others and create a loving environment for every person. At the same time, I have discovered the importance of destroying forces that diminish my chances of success as well as avoiding any individual who dissuade me from working towards achieving my goals and objectives.

 

References

Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The Story of Success. New York: Little: Brown and Company.

Slater, C. L. (2003), "Generativity versus Stagnation: An elaboration of Erikson's adult stage of human development." Journal of Adult Development, 10(1): 53–65.